Comprehensive sexuality education programs recognize the realities of sexuality and behavior among teenagers. They address issues relating to contraception and safe sex, and have been found to delay the onset of sexual activity, reduce the number of partners, and decrease the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases and unplanned pregnancy. Moreover, comprehensive sexuality education programs help students talk with parents about sex, build healthy relationships, and address issues of sexual and gender identity and orientation.
Legislation supporting comprehensive sexuality education, like the Real Education for Healthy Youth Act (H.R. 1706/S. 2765 in the 114th Congress), would provide young people with the comprehensive sexuality education they need to make informed, responsible, and healthy decisions in order to become sexually healthy adults and have healthy relationships. The legislation provides comprehensive sexuality education to adolescents and young adults in public schools, communities, and institutions of higher education, insists on medically accurate and evidence-based programs, promotes culturally and linguistically appropriate and LGBT inclusive education, and provides bare minimum standards for federal funding.